GC-MS analysis and qualitative phytochemical screening of Aristolochia assamica, a newly discovered rare medicinal plant species of India


  • Punam Jyoti Borah Department of Botany, Cotton University, Guwahati 781001, Assam, India
  • Ruma Sarma Department of Botany, Cotton University, Guwahati 781001, Assam, India




Aristolochia assamica, GC-MS analysis, Medicinal plants, Phytochemistry, Phytocompounds


Aristolochia assamica D. Borah & T.V. Do, is an ethnomedicinal plant and a new record to Indian flora. Through this study, the presence or absence of secondary metabolites was screened and the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, terpenoids and tannin was established. The chromatograph of the GC-MS analysis of the methanolic leave extract showed the presence of various compounds mainly 2-Octylcyclopropene-1-heptanol, α-ylangene, 6,10,14,18,22-Tetracosapentaen-2-ol, 3-bromo-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-, (all-E)-, (Z)-7-Hexadecenal, 1-Naphthalenemethanol, 1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-2,5,5,8a-tetramethyl-, 3-Hexadecyne with highest area percentage. These compounds are recorded for the first time in this plant. Further researches related to pharmacological activities and isolation of the phytocompounds from A. assamica may help in the novel drug designing and development.