Threads of heritage: A comparative analysis of Punjab and Thai embroidery

A Comparative Analysis of Punjab and Thai Embroidery


  • Rasika Bhoj Rasika Prof.



Embroidery, Hmong Tribe, Needlework, Phulkari, Punjab, Surface Ornamentation Technique, Thailand, Traditional craft


This paper discusses the significance of traditional Indian textiles, which are recognized globally for their intricate surface ornamentation techniques like embroidery, dyeing, and printing. Embroidery has been a popular technique used for centuries to adorn clothing and textiles. Different regions in India practice distinct embroidery techniques, each having unique features. The study analyzes two embroidery styles: the Hmong embroidery from Thailand and the Phulkari of Punjab. The paper summarizes the history, techniques, design, and material used for embroidery, types of stitches, end products, and the cultural significance of these traditional art forms and further analyzes the similarities and differences between the two crafts. The study found that though both embroideries share similarities in the use of colors, cultural significance, and women's art forms, they also have notable differences. These findings highlight the rich diversity of textile arts around the world and the importance of cultural heritage in preserving these traditions.