Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) <p style="text-align: justify;">“Traditional knowledge" is employed to mean knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional life-styles; the wisdom developed over many generations of holistic traditional scientific utilization of the lands, natural resources, and environment. It is generally passed down by word of mouth, from generation to generation and is, for the most part, undocumented. Traditional knowledge is valid and necessary, and awaits its currently relevant wider application for human benefit. National Institute of Science Communication and Policy Research (erstwhile NISCAIR), CSIR felt a need to document the recent developments and the information bygone in this area in the form of an interdisciplinary periodical, the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). IJTK carries original research papers, review articles, short communications, etc. concerned with the observation and experimental investigation of the biological activities of the materials from plants, animals and minerals, used in the traditional health-care systems such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Unani, Naturopathy, Homoeopathy, Folk-remedies, etc. As validation of indigenous claims it covers Ethno-biology, Ethno-medicine, Ethno-pharmacology, Ethno-pharmacognosy &amp; Clinical Studies on efficacy. Besides, the journal will also welcome interdisciplinary papers on traditional uses (non-medicinal) of Indian raw materials of plant, animal and mineral origin and development of appropriate technologies for community benefit with specific interest to the rural areas. <strong>Impact Factor of IJTK is 0.7 (JCR 2023). CODEN: IJTKB7.</strong></p> CSIR-National Institue of Science Communication and Policy Research en-US Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 0972-5938 Editorial Board July-2024 Charu Lata Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 603 606 Content July-2024 Charu Lata Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 607 608 Author Index July-2024 Charu Lata Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 710 710 Subject Index July-2024 Charu Lata Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 711 711 Effect of pigmentation on physical, phytochemical and antioxidant properties of traditional rice landraces from Odisha region (India) <p>A study was conducted in the Odisha region of India to assess genetic parameters, heritability, and trait associations in twenty traditional pigmented and non-pigmented rice landraces. The evaluation focused on twenty-five physical, phytochemical, and antioxidant properties. The results showed potential for enhancing desired traits in pigmented rice due to a wide range of genotypic variation, high heritability, and substantial genetic advances. These improvements were particularly observed in characteristics such as porosity, total soluble sugar, phytochemicals, and antioxidant properties in pigmented rice. Additionally, properties like the length-breadth ratio of grains, thickness, diameter, thousand grain weight, and bulk density of grains can be used for trait improvement in non-pigmented rice. Physical attributes like thickness, grain weight, and porosity, as well as phytochemical traits like total soluble sugar and protein content, were notably higher in pigmented rice. Correlations between traits indicated that Pigmented rice was associated with phytochemical and antioxidant properties, while Non-pigmented rice was linked to amylose content, density, and the length-breadth ratio of grains. Two promising pigmented genotypes, Bodikaberi and Mahipaljeera, were identified and could be valuable for future rice breeding programs. Moreover, these genotypes have potential applications in the food industry for creating value-added products to enhance nutritional quality and could also be relevant to the cosmetic industry due to their superior antioxidant properties.</p> Nabaneeta Basak Gaurav Kumar Priyadarsini Sanghamitra Sutapa Sarkar Sharat Kumar Pradhan S Sabarinathan Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 609 618 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.12424 Physico-chemical basis of insect-resistance of traditional rice varieties against Sitophilus oryzae (L.) <p>Based on popularity and specialty, seven traditional rice varieties were tested for resistance reactions in terms of physico-chemical properties against rice weevil, <em>Sitophilus oryzae</em> and compared with the improved high yielding rice varieties during 2019-2021. The result revealed that the aromatic rice variety <em>Kon joha</em> was the least suffered (11.67%) under the husked condition, whereas the aromatic traditional rice variety <em>Bokul joha</em> was the least suffered (53.00%) under the de-husked conditions at 18 days after infestation. Amongst the traditional varieties, the <em>Black rice</em> variety suffered maximum weight loss of 60.16% under de-husked conditions. All tested physical and biochemical parameters revealed a significant positive correlation with weight loss (r=0.87), total soluble protein (r=0.86), 1000 grain weight (r=0.74), moisture content (r=0.54), germination loss (r=0.89) and seed vigor loss (r=0.54) at 180 days of infestation under husked condition, while significant positive correlation with weight loss (r=0.91), starch content (r=0.98), crude protein content (r=0.94), L/B ratio (r=0.88), 1000 grain weight (r=0.50) and moisture content (r=0.87) at 180 days of infestation under de-husked condition. The rice grains possessing a high percentage of starch and protein, but a low per cent of crude fat was found more prone to infestation by <em>S. oryzae</em>.</p> Priyanka Das Surajit Kalita Pulin Patgiri Bhaswati Sarmah Khanin Pathak Hemanta Saikia Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 619 627 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.2478 Festival of flowers (Fulaich): Unique traditional culture and custom of Kinnaura tribes in Himachal Pradesh, North Western Himalaya, India <p>Fairs and festivals are important parts of the lives of tribal communities living in the Indian Himalayan Region. For ages, the Kinnaura tribes of Himachal Pradesh have been highly dependent on locally available plant resources for fulfilling their daily livelihood needs and performing various cultural rituals. In Kinnaur district, '<em>Fulaich</em>’ is one of the most famous festivals celebrated every year during the 10<sup>th</sup> August-26<sup>th</sup> October to express respect and love towards high-altitude wild flowers, to pay homage to departed family members and to celebrate a new birth. According to local tradition, during the festival time, from every village 2-14 persons are selected by the villagers to visit alpine and sub-alpine areas and collect wild flowers, mainly <em>Aconitum</em> <em>violaceum</em>, <em>Bistorta affinis,</em> <em>Bergenia stracheyi,</em> <em>Carex nivalis, Delphinium </em>spp., <em>Hymenidium brunonis, Saussurea gossypiphora, Saussurea obvallata, Poa alpina, </em>etc., and offers them to local deities. It is believed that these flowers keep away evil spirits and bring good health, wealth and prosperity. Therefore, the study was conducted to gather information on different religious plants used by different customs and rituals practiced by Kinnaura tribes during the <em>Fulaich</em> celebration. The present study records 47 plants (Angiosperms 41 spp. and Gymnosperms 6 spp.) belonging to 38 genera and 20 families. The occurrence of 25 native shows the high conservation value of the plants. The study helps to understand how <em>Fulaich</em> is playing an important role in the solidarity and cultural identity of the Kinnaura tribes, along with the conservation of plant species. This festival also has great tourism potential, for which it should be declared an International level festival.</p> Swaran Lata S S Samant Shiv Paul P S Negi Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 628 637 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.1348 Medicinally important orchids of Northeast India: traditional knowledge and scientific validation <p>Northeast India, comprising eight states, harbors a rich gene pool of orchids vital to local culture, economy, and medicine. These plants, with 145 documented species used across the region, are valued for treating diseases like cancer, tumors, nervous disorders, and skin ailments. Key genera include <em>Acampe</em>, <em>Aerides</em>, <em>Anoectochilus</em>, <em>Bulbophyllum</em>, <em>Calanthe</em>, <em>Coelogyne</em>, <em>Cymbidium</em>, <em>Dendrobium</em>, and <em>Vanda</em>, known for their diverse secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids, and polyphenols that contribute to their healing properties. However, scientific exploration has been limited, with only 54 species reported to contain active compounds. Future research should focus on identifying new bioactive compounds, validating efficacy through animal and human studies, and exploring traditional knowledge for potential new species, aiming to harness these plants for commercial medicinal applications.</p> Anita Gupta Anisiya Naorem Jibankumar Singh Khuraijam Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 638 654 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.1815 Traditional use of medicinal plants for curation of liver cirrhosis, tuberculosis and other associated health issues in Pin Valley National Park, Himachal Pradesh, India <p>The present paper deals with the local community's traditional utilization of medicinal plants through their specialized health care practitioners called <em>Amchies</em> to treat some major health issues, <em>i.e.,</em> hepatitis, tuberculosis (TB) and other associated health issues in Pin Valley National Park (PVNP), Himachal Pradesh. A preliminary survey was conducted to identify the traditional healthcare practitioners covering all 13 villages (2270 souls in 545 households). Information on medicinal plants used and the mode of preparation was collected from informants. The primary data on the status of hepatitis, TB patients was collected from 93 households randomly from 13 villages and secondary data from hospitals and other archival records. Plants' use value and fidelity level were calculated to understand the importance and preference of plants species in use for treating ailments. A total of 17 plant species belonging to eight different families and an animal <em>Vulpes vulpes</em> (Red fox) were utilized. Males are more prone to hepatitis infection (23.7%) as compared to females (16.1%). The overall infection rate was 39.8%. The male age group 31-60 was found highly infected whereas in the female 15-30 age group. TB infection was more or less similar in both male and female cases (6.5%) and (8.6%), respectively. Overall TB infection was (15.1%). The majority of plants exhibit high use value, Fidelity level, and other cultural values. These plant species are extremely rare and threatened. In this study, specific details regarding the usage of medicinal plants, their methods of preparation, and dosages are offered.</p> Kalzang Targe Salvador Lyngdoh Bhupendra Singh Adhikari Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 655 664 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.2518 Ethnomedicinal use of plant roots: A case study of the Juang tribe of eastern India <p>The Juang, a tribal community in Odisha indulges in traditional health care on the basis of locally available resources. This age-old practice of using plant extracts such as roots and leaves to treat various ailments and diseases is associated with the community culture and wisdom. The study examines the use of plant extracts, particularly roots by Juangs for treatment of various communicable and non-communicable diseases. The data were collected through questionnaire-based field survey, interviews, focus group discussion (FGD) and observation method. The information on medicinal plants including their local, scientific and family names, method of medicine preparation, life form, dosage, applications and effects was collected. The study includes roots of 16 plant species belonging to 13 families that are used for the medicinal purpose. We observed that roots from various wild plant species are used for treatment of various diseases and disorders such as jaundice, hypertension, rheumatism, asthma, infertility, nocturnal emission, venereal diseases, etc. Indigenous application of roots with specific dosages is based on cultural norms and value of the community. This knowledge is transferred from one generation to the other through oral tradition under prevailing health culture. The continuity of this practice with great acumen is determined by various factors such as socioeconomic status, education, occupation and ecological adaptation. The relevance of inherited indigenous healing culture needs to be investigated in this area for developing an alternative approach to community health services and public health policy.</p> Amiya Kumar Sahoo Hari Charan Behera Ajit Kumar Behura Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 665 674 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.12422 Traditional healthcare practices of Manipur, North-East India – Its genesis and sciences <p>In the present cross-cultural ethnopharmacological survey, altogether thirty traditional practitioners in sixteen districts of the Manipur state belonging to nine different ethnic communities were interviewed. A predesigned questionnaire was used for documentation of traditional healthcare knowledge of folklore healers. Their patient care and preparations of traditional medicines were recorded in written and audio-visual formats. The survey data was re-compiled in MySQL 5.1.41(4) as an NEIEM database. The ethnopharmacological information on 274 different formulations used for 57 different human and animal diseases were documented during this survey. The 181 different plants, 30 animals, and 11 different organic/minerals matters were found to be used as components of 274 formulations. In course of this survey, several manuscripts and an ancient therapeutic protocol <em>“Sida Hidak Taret” </em>(Seven Life Saving Medicines) were documented. The present study preserves the indigenous traditional healthcare knowledge of Manipur for future generations.</p> Bharat Gopalrao Somkuwar Ningthoukhongjam Tombi Raj Khumukcham Khumukcham Nongalleima Nameirakpam Surjit Singh Dipak Biswas Taothing Panmei Rikhang Adin Pamei Khangsiang Rangbuiyang Kachakbeang Kachakbeang Akeo Yumlembam Hera Meitei Maibam Nilababu Singh Kangabam Thaba Devi Setur Promila Selsi Shem Lamkang Khulpuwa Agnam Hungyo Yaomei Yangmi Kasar Awangsi Worthotmi Yanao Lunghar Yanao Lunghar Leiyapam Yaikhom Subash Yaikhom Subash Meitei Sagolsem Jugeshor Singh Khaidem Angouchou Singh D Namshachung Kabui Sanlut Lenthang Haokip Pr Paokhokam Singsan Maibam Ibohal Singh Nongmaithem Brojen Singh Haji Kamal Uddin Angom Shyam Thangkhojang Kipgen Thangkholun Doungel Hebem Haokip L Lungkhagin Haokip Wangjam Shanti Chanu Laishram Jiban Meitei Wahengbam Mohan Singh Lokesh Deb Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 675 686 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.12417 A preliminary study on the safety and efficacy of the compound Unani medicine Jawarish-e-Shahi in the treatment of palpitation <p>Heart palpitations are the sensations or feelings that accompany an excessively rapid, skip-beat, or fluttering heartbeat. Heart palpitations can be brought on by a variety of factors, such as anxiety, tension, fear, caffeine, nicotine, some medications, dietpills, physical activity, and fever. Herbal remedies have long been utilized widely in the therapeutic management of palpitations because available synthetic medications have substantial negative effects. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Unani medication <em>Jawarish-e-Shahi </em>in patients experiencing palpitations. The information provided here is an open-level, multicentric clinical study that was carried out at the “Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine in Aligarh”, Uttar Pradesh, from 2016 to 2019 on 74 cases of palpitation streated with <em>Jawarish-e-Shahi</em>. A p-value of&lt;0.05 was proved to be significant in the statistical analysis of the presented data, which was conducted using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Dunnett's test. The study's findings, which were compared to baseline data from various follow-ups of palpitation cases treated with <em>Jawarish-e-Shahi</em>, demonstrated a notable improvement in a number of palpitation symptoms, including anxiety, perspiration, nausea, vomiting, and chest heaviness. A significant decline in diastolic pressure and pulse rate had also been observed. Reduction in number of pallor (pale appearance of patients) in baseline, 1<sup>st</sup>&nbsp;follow-up and post-treatment had been noted. Based on the investigation, the Unani medicine is safe and non-toxic. More research on a large size of population with palpitations is suggested for further study.</p> Sheereen Afza Parvez Khan Shagufta Rehman Sadia Ayub Ravindra Singh Radhey Shyam Verma Jamal Akhtar Asim Ali Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 687 693 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.12416 What makes the food heritage?: An empirical analysis of determinants <p>Unlike other intangible components of culture, food heritage has been the part and parcel of everyday life connecting the people with their culture, tradition, history, and helping in identity and image formation. Hence, the recognition and preservation of food heritage are of prime importance. The purpose is not only to maintain the dishes, products, or processes because of their unique value but also to indentify the determinants/factors responsible for making it. This present study analyzes how food is transformed into heritage, what we call them ultimately “heritage food”. The process of making heritage food is triggered by various determinants/factors solely responsible for it. To fulfill the aim of the study, a sample of 696 respondents has been collected through a self-constructed standardized questionnaire via online mode (Google form). On the basis of nature, association, and significance of studied variables following statistical tools have been used; Path analysis along with PLS-SEM (partial least square-structural equation modelling) for identifying the determinants of food heritage and multiple regression for measuring impacts of food heritage on identity. The study revealed that all the selected determinants (18 nos) of food heritage have significant determinacy power in making food heritage, which has a high impact on identity.</p> Patita Paban Mohanty Sunil Tiwari Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 694 701 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.12420 Study on Indian traditional art –Karuppur Kalamkari <p><em>Kalamkari</em> is a traditional textile art form which is done using natural dyes and tools. There are two main types of <em>kalamkari </em>practised from the olden days - <em>Srikalahasti</em> and <em>Machilipatnam</em>. There exist two styles <em>Kodalikaruppur</em> and <em>Karuppur</em> styles of <em>kalamkari</em>. This study is about the <em>Karuppur</em> style of <em>Kalamkari</em>. The objective of this research is to understand and document the history of the hand-painted <em>Karuppur</em> style of <em>kalamkari</em> art and create new verge of trendy products that are appealing to the younger generation and can also save this beautiful form of art from extinction. A qualitative experimental and exploratory research method study used primary and secondary data. The primary data of the art was collected from the craftsman family who were practising <em>Karuppur kalamkari</em> in traditional methods. The secondary data was collected from websites, blogs and journals. The products designed and developed were a concoction of trend and tradition without extracting the essence of tradition.</p> Pavithra Parameswaran Raagavi Thangavel Ramya Gayathri Ravi Sabitha Ragupathi Srividya Ravi Thakreem banu Unooskhan Banumathy Sundararaman Copyright (c) 2024 Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK) 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 23 7 702 709 10.56042/ijtk.v23i7.3631